Volume 14, Issue 1 (5-2023)                   JAP 2023, 14(1): 76-91 | Back to browse issues page

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Dadazadeh A, Raeisi D, Rostami H, Shoja R, Tavangar Z. A review of local analgesic in traditional Iranian medicine. JAP 2023; 14 (1) :76-91
URL: http://jap.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5696-en.html
1- PhD in Medicinal Plants. Medicinal Plants Group, Biotechnology Department, Technical & Vocational Training Organization, Tabriz, Iran , A.dadazadeh@gmail.com
2- Researcher of medicinal plants and traditional medicine of Iran. Medicinal Plants Group, Hamdel Educational Institute, Tabriz, Iran
3- M.Sc of Plant Biology. Medicinal Plants Group, Hamdel Educational Institute, Tabriz, Iran
4- M.Sc of food science and industry. Medicinal Plants Group, Hamdel Educational Institute, Tabriz, Iran
Abstract:   (579 Views)
Background and purpose: The use of opioid drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroid drugs has limitations in prescription and use due to their non-specificity and extensive side effects. Finding drugs of natural origin with less side effects and local analgesic for each member or control the factor of creating pain is perhaps one of the things that is necessary today.
Materials and methods: This research was conducted as a review focusing on analgesic medicinal terms in the reliable sources of Iranian medicine (from the 4th to the 13th century AH). The obtained medicinal terms were categorized as pain relievers for different parts of body of the body specifically for each of the organs and then the names of the drugs were matched with modern botanical references. And finally, the analgesic mechanism of some of them was diccussed and compared with the electronic articles available in Science Direct Scopus, PubMed databases.
Findings: In this research, 231 herbal local analgesic and pain relievers were obtained, and specific pain reliever herbal drugs were categorized for each organ, and the mechanism of action of some of them, which has been confirmed in modern pharmacology, was discussed.
Conclusion: By using the results of this study, with conducting more laboratory and clinical research, it is possible to formulate and produce local analgesic to control different pains.
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Type of Study: Review | Subject: Chronic pain managment
Received: 2023.01.11 | Accepted: 2023.03.1 | Published: 2023.05.31

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