Volume 9, Issue 1 (5-2018)                   JAP 2018, 9(1): 1-11 | Back to browse issues page

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najafi S S. The Effect of Music Therapy on the Level of Anxiety and vital Signs in Patients undergoing trans-esophageal Echocardiography . JAP. 2018; 9 (1) :1-11
URL: http://jap.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5332-en.html
Abstract:   (508 Views)
Aim and background: The effect of music on decreasing anxiety and pain has been shiwn indifferent studies, although the results have been controversial upto now.This study aimed to investigate the effect of music on anxiety and vital signs (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate) in Iranian patients. Materials and methods: This study was a clinical trial,in which 70 patients were randomly assigned in a selected manner. They were divided into two groups. Instrumental music was played for 30 minutes for patients in experimental group and for the control group just routine care alone was done. Tools included demographic questionnaire, and an anxiety questionnaire (Czech Aspylbergru) that used vital signs data before and after the intervention.Data was analyzed using SPSS version 21, and p value was considered significant when less than 0.05. Findings: The two groups were the same in terms of demographic and clinical data. Anxiety score after the intervention in the intervention group significantly decreased (p<0.05). Average systolic blood pressure before and after the intervention showed no significant difference (p>0.05). Diastolic blood pressure before and after the intervention was not significantly different (p>0.05). Average heart rate before and after the intervention showed a significant difference (p<0.05). The average number of breathing before and after the intervention was not significantly different (p<0.05). conclusion: The results suggest that music therapy can be used to reduce anxiety and to normalize heart symptoms in patients undergoing transesophageal echocardiography.  
Full-Text [PDF 347 kb]   (655 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2017.03.8 | Accepted: 2018.02.8 | Published: 2018.05.11

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