Volume 12, Issue 3 (11-2021)                   JAP 2021, 12(3): 35-49 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.IAU.NAJAFABAD.REC.1399.114

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Mohamadi H, Jabalameli S, Haghayegh S A, Ranjbarkohan Z. Structural Model of the Effect of Health Promoting Lifestyle and Distress Tolerance on Chronic Pain Acceptance in Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal pain: Study of the Mediating Role of Learned Helplessness. JAP 2021; 12 (3) :35-49
URL: http://jap.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5563-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran. , Jabalameli.Sh@gmail.com
3- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Amin Nonprofit Institute of Higher Education, Fouladshahr, Iran.
Abstract:   (1368 Views)
Aim and Background: Chronic musculoskeletal pain was one of the most common disorders in human societies. Incidence and improving of this disorders In addition to medical reasons, its also very influential from psychological factors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the structural model of the relationship between health promoting lifestyles, Distress tolerance, Helplessness and Chronic Pain acceptance in patients with Chronic musculoskeletal pain.
Materials and Methods: The present study was a descriptive correlational study using structural equation modeling. We used available sampling for selecting 384 patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain as the study population including patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain referred to Najafabad private clinics. Research Tools included health promoting lifestyle questionnaire (HPLQ, 1988), distress tolerance questionnaire (DTQ, 2005), chronic pain acceptance questionnaire (CPAQ, 2006) and learned helplessness questionnaire (LHS, 1988). The data was analyzed by SPSS, AMOS and with help of structural equation modeling.
Findings: The model of research was fit and the considered factor structure was optimal. The results indicated the health promoting lifestyles and distress tolerance had significant direct relationship with chronic pain acceptance. Learned helplessness had relative reverse relationship with chronic pain acceptance and had significant reverse relationship with health promoting lifestyles and distress tolerance. Also the mediatory role of learned helplessness in the relationship between health promoting lifestyle and distress tolerance were supported and relative reverse correlations were obtained (p<0/05).
Conclusion: Improving health promoting lifestyle and distress tolerance are involved in chronic pain acceptance In patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Learned helplessness was an important mediator, and associated with health promoting lifestyle and distress tolerance and it is important to pay attention to use therapy on the basis of these variables.
 
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Chronic pain managment
Received: 2020.12.5 | Accepted: 2021.06.8 | Published: 2021.11.1

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