Volume 14, Issue 1 (5-2023)                   JAP 2023, 14(1): 11-22 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Asistant Professor of Biomechanics and Corrective Exercise, Department of Sport Science, East Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Master in Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Department of Sport Science, Science and research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , phdanesh@yahoo.com
3- Asistant Professor of Motor behaviour, Department of Sport Science, East Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (277 Views)
Background and Aim: Genuvarum is a common complication among girls aged 12-16 years. This study aimed to investigate the effect of eight weeks of NASM and Theraband correction exercises on balance and kinematic variables of the knee in girls aged 16-12 years suffering pain due to genuvarum.
Methods: The research sample includes 30 of these individuals who were randomly selected and then randomly divided into three groups of 10 controls (age: 14.20 ± 1.31 years, height: 1.59 ± 0.059). M, weight: 54.80 ± 7.61, BMI: 21.26 ± 2.19 kg / m2), Theraband group (age: 14.70 ± 0.94 years, height: 1.61 ± 0.06 M, weight: 54.40 ± 4.37 kg, BMI: 21.51 ± 1.23 kg / m2) and NASM group (age: 14.71 ± 1.16 years, height: 1.66 ± 0.053 M, weight: 56.70 ± 4.47 kg, BMI: 20.52 ± 0.87 kg / m2). In this study, a balance was assessed using the Walking on the balance wood test. Also, the distance between the inner condyle of the femur and the Q angle was measured using a caliper and a goniometer, respectively. After evaluating the variables, the subjects were divided into three groups of control and training, and each training group performed the training program for 8 weeks and 3 sessions per week. The control group also performed their daily activities and physiotherapy at Arman Clinic during this period. In this study, the normality of the distributions was investigated using the Shapiro-Wilk test. To test the research hypotheses under normal conditions, ANCOVA analysis of covariance (between groups) and correlated T (within groups) were used. SPSS software version 26 was used in this study.
Results: The results of this study showed that applying 8 weeks of NASM and Theraband training program in addition to increasing the balance was effective in improving the distance between the condylar and the Q angle (P = 0.001). In the field of comparison between the two training groups, except for the Q angle (P = 0.001), the balance variable and the distance between the condyles were not found (P ≥ 0.05).
Conclusion: In general, the results of the present study show the effect of both NASM and Theraband training programs on balance and improvement of knee kinematic variables; 1- The distance between the inner condyle of the femur, 2- Q angle has been effective. Based on this, it seems that the use of these two training programs in this community can lead to desirable results and shows the importance of using these exercises (especially NASM) in girls suffering genuvarum
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Special
Received: 2022.08.22 | Accepted: 2022.12.9 | Published: 2023.05.31

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