Volume 5, Issue 3 (4-2015)                   JAP 2015, 5(3): 34-44 | Back to browse issues page

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AsghariEbrahimAbad M, salayani F, Mashhadi A, Attarzadeh Hosseini R, MashhadiNejad H, Eftekharzadeh S et al . The effectiveness of cognitive group therapy on anxiety andaggression of females with chronic pain. JAP. 2015; 5 (3) :34-44
URL: http://jap.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5190-en.html
1- Assistant Professor Ferdowsi University of Mashhad , mjasghari@um.ac.ir
2- Master student Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
3- Assistant Professor Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
4- Associate Professor Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
5- Associate Professor Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
6- Assistant Professor Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
7- Assistant Professor Quchan Branch of Islamic Azad University, Quchan, Iran
Abstract:   (2480 Views)



Aim and Background: Chronic pain is a health issue that affects on millions of people in around the world. Research has indicated that psychological factors such as anxiety and aggression are common consequences of living with chronic pain. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive therapy for females with chronic pain.

Methods: This was a quasi-experiment study with pretest-posttest design with a control group. In this study, 40 females with chronic musculoskeletal pain were recruited and 18 females with high score in anxiety and aggression were selected. They were divided randomly in two groups including, cognitive group therapy and the control group (9 persons per each group). Participants completed the DASS-21, Aggression questionnaire, Multidimensional pain inventory.  The cognitive group therapy was adopted for experimental group over eight weeks and participants again completed the post treatment assessments. Analysis of Covariance was used for analyzing the data.

Results: The Results showed that anxiety (p<0/05) and aggression (p<0/05) in experimental group has significantly difference in comparison with the control group.

Conclusion: According to the research findings, cognitive therapy can reduce anxiety and aggression in females with chronic pain.


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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Chronic pain managment
Received: 2015.02.2 | Accepted: 2015.03.4 | Published: 2015.03.27

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